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Vol.17 n°1 january 1992

COVER STORY

p.120 The 1991 BYTE Awards

NEWS

p.27 MICROBYTES

Chips to the left, chips to the right: Microprocessors and chip sets are delivering more power and functionality in smaller form factors.

p.40 FIRST IMPRESSIONS Psion's Powerful Pocketable

A full-fledged hand-held computer.

p.42 Microsoft Bookshelf for Windows,

a multimedia version of the venerable reference tool

Tandon's PacII, a truly modular system with a twist

Dolch P.A.C. 486-50E, cutting-edge processing power comes at a price

ClarisWorks, a seamless applications environment for the Mac

GT486/40, Falco's small but powerful graphics PC

Magnavox CDD461RS, a CD-ROM drive matched to the way we really work

p.62 WHAT'S NEW

The Star Jet printer goes with you anywhere;

Microcom's modem ignores line noise;

Soft-ICE/W debugs from Windows; and more.

FEATURES

p.120 The 1991 BYTE Awards

BYTE editors and contributors select the best products of 1991.

p.149 Classic Languages, Part 5: SNOBOL

The fifth installment in our Classic Languages series.

STATE OF THE ART

p.158 DEVELOPING APPLICATIONS ACROSS PLATFORMS Overview: A Moving Target

Cross-platform development presents unique challenges in this era of proliferating platforms and fragmenting standards.

p.177 Tributaries and Deltas

Tracking software change in multiplatform environments.

p.191 Let the System Do the Porting

A new generation of operating systems will help developers write applications for multiple platforms.

p.201 Resource Guide: Cross-Platform Application Development Tools

REVIEWS

p.204 SOLUTIONS FOCUS Database Building Blocks

Database libraries with the horsepower to build powerful multiuser applications.

p.226 BYTE Lab Product Report: DOS Data at Work

In our first BYTE Lab Product Report, we sample the DOS database market.

p.250 Tweaking Windows: New Adapters Boost Speed and Clarity

Six new graphics adapters promise to make Windows more efficient.

p.259 Ample Waves of Data: Five Tools to Help You Stay Afloat

Five data-analysis programs promise understanding in a sea of information.

p.273 Claris Enters the Spreadsheet Wars

A strong contender for the Macintosh spreadsheet crown elbows in on Excel's and Wingz's turf.

p.279 DOS Extenders: Raising the Ceiling

A look at four toolkits for building protected-mode DOS programs.

p.285 The Phaser III Fires Dazzling Colors

Tektronix's dazzling new color printer.

p.288 REVIEWER'S NOTEBOOK

Supercharged SuperCalc, jaggies relief, and a tool to improve Windows.

HANDS ON

p.293 SOME ASSEMBLY REQUIRED Finally, a Real Keyboard

A Lap Link cable and your desktop's printer port can take the place of a laptop keyboard.

p.305 UNDER THE HOOD Processor Pipelines

The R4000, RISC System/6000, and 486 pipelines are compared.

p.319 SOFTWARE CORNER Memory Mapping, Edit II, and an Alarm Clock

Memory control blocks, creating Mac text files, and a Unix utility.

p.321 MACINATIONS Programming Under System 7.0

[author Don Crabb]

Finding the best language systems to use under System 7.0.

p.327 THE UNIX /bin ACEs Wild

[author David Fiedler]

The low-end workstation world takes on new significance from ACE and Solaris.

p.333 NETWORKS Coming Soon: Faster LANs

[author Barry Nance]

Packet burst and 100-Mbps Token Ring technologies could change the face of networking in 1992.

p.343 BEYOND DOS: OLE for Windows 3.1

[author Manin Heller]

A developer's view of Windows 3.1.

p.348 ASK BYTE

Big RAM disks, COM ports, TSRs, and a patriotic virus.

OPINIONS

p.87 USER'S COLUMN Configuration Tribulations

[author Jerry Poumelle]

Jerry tries to upgrade to Windows 3.1.

p.105 BUSINESS CONNECTION Murphy's Law and Interoperability

[author Wayne Rash Jr.]

Getting your Macs, PCs, and Unix machines connected is simple. Getting them to work together isn't.

p.115 ROUNDTABLE What Do Benchmarks Really Tell You?

Most benchmark results should not be taken at face value.

p.404 PRINT QUEUE Dead Chickens A-Wavin'

The New Hacker's Dictionary exhilarates; Technobabble indicts.

p.406 STOP BIT Standards Everywhere

A pithy look at whom and how standards serve.

p.10 EDITORIAL

The Envelope, Please ...

p.18 LETTERS

More on safety, Soviets, and C.

READER SERVICE

p.402 Editorial Index by Company

p.399 Alphabetical Index to Advertisers

p.400 Index to Advertisers by Product Category

Inquiry Reply Cards: 397

PROGRAM LISTINGS

From BIX: Call (800) 227-2983

From Demolink: See ad on page 403

On disk: See page 322

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Vol.17 n°2 february 1992

COVER STORY

FEATURE The Future of Personal Computing?

NEWS

p.23 MICROBYTES

Will QuickTime 1.0's release "raise the bar" on personal computing?

p.36 FIRST IMPRESSIONS Keyboardless Sense

A touchscreen computer that makes sense.

p.39 FIRST IMPRESSIONS Macs and PCs: Together at Last

Farallon's update of an old Mac product encompasses PCs.

p.42 QMS-PS 815 MR and IBM LaserPrinter 10 Model 30,

a new crop of desktop PostScript printers emerges

Word for Macintosh 5.0, the latest Word from Microsoft

Toshiba T6400, desktop and portable worlds almost merge

Freelance Graphics for Windows, presentation graphics without pain

Weitek Power for Windows, it claims to be the first Windows adapter card for business applications

p.52 WHAT'S NEW

Gulliver networks on the road, Power Memory adds RAM to the Power Book, and more.

FEATURES

p.96 The Future of Personal Computing?

With the PowerPC, IBM and Apple hope to set a new standard.

p.105 Signal Processing for Multimedia

By combining a DSP chip and a library of multimedia functions under the control of a low-overhead kernel, AT&T aims to bring the power of DSP to multimedia.

p.111 Applying the Internet

The value of a network lies as much in whom it connects as how.

STATE OF THE ART

p.122 TOMORROW'S CHIPS Overview: Built for Speed

Advances in processor chips and architectures are driving the next generation of computing.

p.137 Reshaping the Microchip

The scientists and engineers that brought you the microcomputer revolution are exploring new technologies for building the next generation of chips.

p.151 Support Your Local CPU

With standard functions integrated into the CPU, a new class of specialized coprocessors is beginning to appear.

p.158 Resource Guide: Accelerator, Coprocessor, and Multiprocessor Boards

REVIEWS

p.162 SOLUTIONS FOCUS File Servers Face Off

Five high-performance file servers vie for the top spot on tests run with BYTE's new LAN benchmark suite.

p.178 BYTE Lab Product Report: Software in a Supporting Role

They manage files and disks, customize workspaces, and take the drudgery out of maintenance: Praise be utility programs!

p.198 Laser Muscle: Five Printers Built to Handle Networks

The BYTE Lab tests five network printers.

p.217 The Multimedia PC: High-Powered Sight and Sound on Your Desk

A look at the first crop of MPC hardware and software.

p.229 Apple's Quadra 900 Sizzles and Dazzles

Apple's new 68040-based Mac reveals outstanding performance and new sound and graphics features.

p.233 REVIEWER'S NOTEBOOK

A portable Mac, and two ways to access applications from your Unix workstation.

HANDS ON

p.237 SOME ASSEMBLY REQUIRED A Natural Solution

Object-oriented program methods lend structure to the process of evaluating natural-language sentences.

p.247 UNDER THE HOOD How Interrupts Work

How interrupt processing works in PC systems.

p.257 SOFTWARE CORNER Perl: Not Just for Unix

A multiplatform utility language, DOS disk utilities, and a Mac file typer.

p.259 BEYOND DOS Cures for C Sickness

[author Mark J. Minasi]

The "Doctor" prescribes three Windows programming toolkits.

p.265 NETWORKS LAN Manager Gets a Foot in the Door

[author Bruce D. Schatzman and Jeffrey H. Lubeck]

What the new capabilities mean, and how to integrate LAN Manager with NetWare.

p.271 MACINATIONS Designing Macs

[author Don Crabb]

A firsthand look at the Mac's new three-dimensional drawing prowess.

p.277 THE UNIX /bin My First Network

[author David Fiedler]

Learning to set up a TCP/IP Ethernet for PCs running Unix.

p.288 ASK BYTE

Tracking memory conflicts; the search for Cyrillic; and when a 40-MB hard drive isn't.

OPINIONS

p.67 USER'S COLUMN The High End

[author Jerry Pournelle]

Jerry discusses technology trickle-down.

p.85 BUSINESS CONNECTION Multimedia Moves Beyond the Hype

[author Wayne Rash Jr.]

Can multimedia succeed as a legitimate business application?

p.91 ROUNDTABLE Next-Generation Operating Systems

Making sense of PowerOpen, Taligent, Windows NT, OS/2 2.0, and the competing Unix consortia.

p.342 PRINT QUEUE Glitzers Anonymous

Tales of GUIs gone berserk.

p.344 STOP BIT Computers Out of Control

Obscure errors in software and systems design can result in tragedy.

p.10 EDITORIAL

New Era of Cooperation

p.14 LETTERS

LAN defense and Outlook'92 strike chords.

READER SERVICE

p.340 Editorial Index by Company

p.337 Alphabetical Index to Advertisers

p.338 Index to Advertisers by Product Category

Inquiry Reply Cards: 335

PROGRAM LISTINGS

From BIX: Call (800) 227-2983

From Demolink: See ad on page 341

On disk: See ad on page 268

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Vol.17 n°3 march 1992

COVER STORY

p.208 SOLUTIONS FOCUS Windows on the Road

NEWS

p.23 MICROBYTES

As the 32-bit, scalable Windows NT inches closer to reality, Novell is clearly concerned about the long term. The solution: Novell is throwing in its lot with Unix.

p.36 FIRST IMPRESSIONS A New Unix Standard

Hewlett-Packard again sets a standard for workstation price and performance.

p.39 FIRST IMPRESSIONS Battle of the Heavyweights

The C market leaders slug it out.

p.42 Dell System 325NC,

a color notebook that destroys the $5000 barrier

Twiddler, a typing alternative that fits in your hand

System Sleuth Professional 4.0 and WinSleuth Professional 2.0, advanced system diagnostics keep up with technology

Bravado, Truevision's new live video/VGA card

Grammatik V for DOS, it sports interesting new features but won't cause corporate wordsmiths to fear for their jobs

p.58 WHAT'S NEW

Mobius gives you the Mirage IPS system for Unix; Xircom connects you to Token Ring; and more.

FEATURES

p.122 Software Without Walls

Distributed object management systems can fuse diverse distributed applications and data into seamless information systems.

p.131 System Bus or System Bottleneck?

The 32-bit EISA and Micro Channel buses are not living up to their potential.

p.145 The Birth of the Microprocessor

On the twentieth anniversary of its introduction, a retrospective.

p.155 Classic Languages, Part 6: BASIC

Despite its educational roots, this language has become the most widespread and most commonly used on microcomputers.

STATE OF THE ART

p.160 MEMORY AND STORAGE ADVANCES Overview: Scaling the Memory Pyramid

Memory and mass-storage subsystems traditionally lag behind the theoretical performance limits of CPUs. Systems designers are minimizing the performance penalty by organizing storage in a hierarchy of speed and capacity.

p.175 What to Stash in a Cache

Today, caching is a must for high performance. Now, the questions are: What type, and how big?

p.183 Storage Management

A new class of products eases the burden of the LAN administrator's job.

p.195 Embedded Intelligence

Demands for higher storage performance are being answered by disk designers: They're adding intelligence to drives to boost speed and accuracy.

p.204 Resource Guide: Storage for Networks

REVIEWS

p.208 SOLUTIONS FOCUS Windows on the Road

The BYTE Lab tests portable systems and pointing devices with a flair for Windows.

p.222 BYTE Lab Product Report: Captains of Crunch

The top spreadsheet programs for DOS, Windows, and the Mac.

p.240 Raising the Ceiling: Nine Memory Managers for Today's Processors

Nine products that make more memory available to your DOS programs.

p.246 Net Ware Grows Lean, Not Mean

Net Ware Lite. 1.0 earns high marks for simplicity and interoperability with server-based NetWare.

p.251 Swift Programming for Windows, in Windows

QuickC for Windows brings GUI integration to Windows program development.

p.253 Apple Reinvents the Notebook

Apple's lightweight notebook computers are heavycduty champs.

p.257 WordPerfect for Windows

The big-selling word processor is finally running under Windows. Has it been worth the wait?

p.259 REVIEWER'S NOTEBOOK

SoftNode brings a different kind of Net Ware to the Mac, Stacker 2.0 squeezes out space, and Telebit's tiny modem blazes.

HANDS ON

p.261 SOME ASSEMBLY REQUIRED Tapping into Sockets

Use TCP/IP sockets to write portable client/server applications.

p.269 UNDER THE HOOD Enhancing Laser-Printerl Resolution

How to make a laser printer act like a phototypesetter.

p.279 SOFTWARE CORNER Network Sleuth

Network utilities for the Mac and PC; an E-mail utility for Unix.

p.281 BEYOND DOS 32-bit Windows Today

[author Martin Heller]

Watcom and MetaWare deliver 32-bit Windows programming toolkits.

p.287 NETWORKS LAN Analyzers Move to AI

[author Barry Nance]

AI is redefining the role of LAN analyzers.

p.291 THE UNIX /bin X Hits the Spot

[author David Fiedler]

Setting up your PC Unix for the X Window System.

p.295 MACINATIONS Managing Mac Upgrades

[author Don Crabb]

Don works up some Mac hardware upgrade strategies.

p.303 ASK BYTE

The best number crunchers; Windows environment space problems; PC-to-Mac connectivity; and other issues.

OPINIONS

p.93 USER'S COLUMN Interrupts and Big Cats

[author Jerry Pournelle]

Jerry configures a new 486 computer.

p.109 BUSINESS CONNECTION Windows Moves Out

[author Wayne Rash Jr.]

Better notebook computers make traveling with Windows a workable proposition.

p.115 ROUNDTABLE The Future of Pen Computing

Pen software developers and systems designers debate the future of pen computing.

p.362 PRINT QUEUE Mirror Worlds

David Gelernter's Mirror Worlds puts the universe in a shoebox.

p.364 STOP BIT Infoglut at Your Fingertips

All the information search-and-retrieval services still remain islands to themselves.

p.10 EDITORIAL

Sending a Message to Congress

p.14 LETTERS

Reader reactions to OS/2 2.0 and other issues.

READER SERVICE

p.360 Editorial Index by Company

p.357 Alphabetical Index to Advertisers

p.358 Index to Advertisers by Product Category

Inquiry Reply Cards: 355

PROGRAM LISTINGS

From BIX: Join "listings/frombyte92"

From Demolink: See ad on page 361

On disk: See ad on page 297

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Vol.17 n°4 april 1992

COVER STORY

p.106 FEATURE Practical Desktop Video, PART 1

NEWS

p.23 MICROBYTES

Next steps into the Intel-based world, and a powerful start-up called Rambus says "Thanks, but no thanks" for those old memories.

p.34 FIRST IMPRESSIONS Windows 3.1 Is Ready to Roll

Microsoft's new release is finally ready for prime time.

p.38 Have Docking Station, Will Travel

A new Safari notebook hits the road.

p.41 New from Compaq: Deskpro 50M

A speedy graphics workstation from Compaq.

p.42 New Hard Drives Keep Your Data Safe

A new generation of hard drives are fast and ultra-reliable.

p.51 Cameo Personal Video System, Model 2001,

it stars on the Mac

486DX-50 Cache, a complete 50-MHz PC for $3749

Boxer Text Editing System 3.20, a flexible shareware editor

PGC CASE Graphics 1.0, CASE for the inquisitive

p.58 WHAT'S NEW

The Mpression Notebook Presentation System; the Silentwriter Model 95; Project Manager; and more.

FEATURES

p.106 Practical Desktop Video, Part 1

The BYTE Multimedia Lab's series on desktop video production begins with a look at video formats.

p.119 Windows Goes Real Time

The iRMX for Windows operating system provides the best of both worlds on a single PC.

5TATE OF THE ART

p.134 AN INTERFACE FOR ALL SENSES Overview: Kinder, Gentler Computing

Natural I/O technologies provide computers with the ultimate in user-friendly interfaces.

p.151 The Power of Speech

Automatic speech recognition is going to radically alter how you interact with computers.

p.165 Even As We Speak

Speech synthesis is a practical and valuable computer-output format.

p.175 The Ultimate User Interface

Information systems create environments in which we work. New research aims to allow better design of these information systems.

p.187 Resource Guide: Natural I/O

REVIEWS

p.192 SOLUTIONS FOCUS New LAN Backup Tools

The BYTE Lab looks at eight tape backup systems that promise to make your network safe and sound.

p.212 Rough Gems: First Pen Systems Show Promise, Lack Refinement

The first pen-input systems will need to overcome some technical hurdles.

p.226 BYTE Lab Product Report: Art for Business's Sake

One of these packages is sure to make it easier for you to create good-looking pictures, charts, and graphs.

p.259 LAN Manager 2.1 Opens the Gates

Microsoft's latest showcases TCP/IP, remote access, .Mac services, and Net Ware connectivity.

p.262 New MultiSyncs Prove That Flatter Is Better

NEC updates the MultiSyncs with four new monitors.

p.267 Video Goes Digital with Fluency

Developers get a head start with this digital-video bundle for PCs.

p.269 Local Bus Fuels PowerMate's Graphics Response

NEC's local-bus design delivers outstanding graphics performance.

p.272 REVIEWER'S NOTEBOOK

A superfast super server and wireless print sharing.

HANDS ON

p.279 SOME ASSEMBLY REQUIRED Mac Programming Revealed

The Mac is easy to program, within limits.

p.291 UNDER THE HOOD Wireless Networking

New technologies and standards portend the era of mobile computing.

p.295 SOFTWARE CORNER Batch-File Toolkit

Better automation for DOS and Unix, and a way to hunt down Mac viruses.

p.297 BEYOND DOS Inside 386 Enhanced Mode

[author Martin Heller]

Under the covers of Windows 386 enhanced mode.

p.299 ASK BYTE

Getting less from VGA, Windows batch-file botches, high-resolution graph-ics for BASIC, and other topics.

OPINIONS

p.83 USER'S COLUMN User's Choice Awards

[author Jerry Pournelle]

Jerry issues his annual User's Choice Awards.

p.99 ROUNDTABLE The Future of Pen Computing, Part2

Pen-software and systems developers discuss the limits of handwriting recognition, display technology, and other issues.

p.366 PRINT QUEUE Ways to Keep It Lucid

Designing better documents, Windows programming, and object-oriented technology explained.

p.368 STOP BIT Hidden Persuaders

The computer you use determines how you work-and how you think.

p.10 EDITORIAL

Pen-Input Systems

p.14 LETTERS

Kudos for classic languages, and questions about OS/2.

READER SERVICE

p.364 Editorial Index by Company

p.361 Alphabetical Index to Advertisers

p.362 Index to Advertisers by Product Category

Inquiry Reply Cards: 359

PROGRAM LISTINGS

From BIX: Join "listings/frombyte92"

From Demolink: See ad on page 365

On disk: See ad on page 271

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Vol.17 n°5 may 1992

COVER STORY

p.114 FEATURE Intel's Double-Fast CPUs

NEWS

p.23 MICROBYTES

DEC hopes its new Alpha microprocessor will take it into the next 25 years of computing.

p.34 FIRST IMPRESSIONS The Fail-Safe PC

The Texas Microsystems FTSA PC builds in fault tolerance from the ground up.

p.37 Cyrix's 486 in 386 Clothing

The first family of 486 clones arrives in a familiar package.

p.40 SPARCs on the Road

Portable Unix and a lot more.

p.42 T4400SXC, Toshiba unveils its new 486 notebook with an active color display

NetMounter, connecting your Macs to a file server over Ethernet doesn't have to cost a lot

Networks Connect, Symbiotics brings network awareness to the Windows Clipboard

I325VM Floptical, a new kind of drive has arrived

Ad Lib Gold 1000, a second-generation audio board

p.62 WHAT'S NEW

The QMS-PS 1700; RangeLAN/ISA; PowerPlay; and more.

FEATURES

p.114 Intel's Double-Fast CPUs

Intel's 486DX2 puts 50-MHz power in a 25-MHz system.

p.129 Practical Desktop Video, Part 2: Raw Material

Plan and shoot your own professional video.

p.141 Two Steps Forward, One Step Back

Where do we go after relational databases?

STATE OF THE ART

p.152 3-D: THE NEXT GENERATION OF GRAPIDCS. Overview: Roots and Branches of 3-D

The use of 3-D graphics is significantly changing the ways computers let us visualize information. The high-end technologies that allow realistic images are advancing into mainstream applications.

p.167 Photo-Realism

Photo-realistic 3-D images are now within your grasp with the help of a mix of sophisticated techniques and an abundance of computer power.

p.173 Radiosity

Computing the effects of indirect lighting for use in 3-D rendering.

p.117 Voxels: Data in 3-D

Now you can use voxels to sample 3-D space.

p.183 3-D Displays

Interactive 3-D display technology is a reality, although no system is the best of all worlds.

p.190 Resource Guide: Realistic 3-D Rendering and Volume-Imaging Software

REVIEWS

p.192 SOLUTIONS FOCUS Precision Times Three

With micro-based 3-D CAD packages, you don't have to rob a bank in order to draw one.

p.208 BYTE Lab Product Report: Monitors: Beyond VGA

The BYTE Lab tests two dozen noninterlaced color monitors.

p.240 Downsizing Media: 3½-inch MO Drives Arrive

New 3½-inch magneto-optical drives receive mixed reviews.

p.255 Fast Fifties: Three 486/50 Systems Redefine PC Performance

The fastest lntel-based systems show surprising variation in price and performance.

p.260 Edit Video at Your Desk

StudioMaster Pro helps tum a Mac into a professional video editor.

p.263 What You See Is What You Solve: Mathematica and MathCAD for Windows

Mathematica and MathCAD take different approaches to tackling math problems using the graphical Windows interface.

p.269 Windows Printer Shines in Speed, Resolution

Laser Master's new laser printer does Windows.

p.275 Presentation Graphics That Deserve an Extra Bow

Curtain Call makes high-impact presentations easy and affordable.

p.277 REVIEWER'S NOTE_BOOK

A local bus/accelerator combo for Windows and two parallel-port hard drives.

HANDS ON

p.283 UNDER THE HOOD A Ride on the SBus

Design goals and operational details of Sun's SBus.

p.289 SOME ASSEMBLY REQUIRED. It's a Multithreaded World, Part 1

Multithreaded operating systems are becoming the norm. Here's how your applications can exploit them.

p.300 SOFTWARE CORNER Getting from BASIC to C

A BASIC-to-C translator, a Mac application launcher, and a Unix version-control program.

p.301 BEYOND DOS OS/2 2.0 Goes Down to the Wire

[author Douglas A. Hamilton]

IBM's OS/2 2.0 Limited Availability release is less than palatable.

p.305 ASK BYTE

Microsoft responds; setting a page frame; and other issues.

OPINIONS

p.85 USER'S COLUMN Unsolved Mysteries

[author Jerry Pournelle]

A Windows mystery revealed; and wrapping up the annual User's Choice A wards at Chaos Manor.

p.107 ROUNDTABLE Making Sense of Multimedia

Multimedia is flashy, but is it practical?

p.370 PRINT QUEUE The Methods of Madness

Game theorists shouldn't play with nuclear weapons.

p.372 STOP BIT Digital Deceptions

Digital video just might redefme reality.

p.10 EDITORIAL

Mac Clones

p.14 LETTERS

Responses to Chaos Manor Windows hassles; statistics packages; multimedia hype; and more.

READER SERVICE

p.368 Editorial Index by Company

p.365 Alphabetical Index to Advertisers

p.366 Index to Advertisers by Product Category

Inquiry Reply Cards: 364A

PROGRAM LISTINGS

From BIX: Join "listings/frombyte92"

From Demolink: See ad on page 369

On disk: See ad on page 362

byte 1992_06 byte 1992_06 byte 1992_06

Vol.17 n°6 june 1992

COVER STORY Managing Infoglut

p.244 State of the Art

p.290 Solutions Focus

p.306 BYTE Lab Product Report

NEWS

p.25 MICROBYTES

Nutek continues to work on a computer that will run mainstream applications for the Mac under Motif.

p.48 FIRST IMPRESSIONS The Best of Comdex/Spring

BYTE's picks from an especially exciting Comdex.

p.53 A 66-MHz Executive Jet

A 66-MHz processor plus a local bus equals power.

p.58 PaperWorks, paper becomes a computer interface

NewWave 4.0, a robust Windows desktop and environment package

FrameMaker for Windows, maximum desktop publishing power comes to PCs

Procomm Plus for Windows, a Windows version of the venerable communications program

TCNS, a network from Thomas-Conrad that doesn't compromise speed

Picture Publisher 3.0, Windows image enhancement gets polished

p.78 WHAT'S NEW

The NEC UltraLite SL/25C travels with active-matrix color; the WindStation lets you watch the weather at your computer; chemVision converts structured chemical data into 3-D models; and more.

FEATURES

p.121 The 1992 Readers' Choice Awards

BYTE readers name their top products.

p.131 Practical Desktop Video, Part 3: Winning Graphics

In this installment, you'll learn how to build attention-grabbing graphics into your desktop videos.

p.145 OOPS via DDE

The DDE approach eases entry into the OOPS world in a controlled manner.

STATE OF THE ART MANAGING INFOGLUT

p.244 Overview: Making Knowledge Pay

How to mine the knowledge scattered throughout an organization.

p.257 The New Age of Documents

Establish a viable document-interchange strategy.

p.263 Electronic Books

They're coming soon to a computer near you.

p.271 Search and Retrieval

New methods for managing large document-retrieval systems.

p.279 SGML Frees Information

Standard Generalized Markup Language helps you turn mounds of documents into information that can boost your productivity and innovation.

p.287 Resource Guide: Search and Retrieval Systems

REVIEWS

p.290 SOLUTIONS FOCUS Searching for Common Threads

Ten text management packages help you organize your files.

p.306 BYTE Lab Product Report: Writing in Style

WYSIWYG word processors give your text visual appeal.

p.316 Color at a Reasonable Price

The BYTE Lab tests seven color PostScript printers for PCs and Macs.

p.327 Looking for Answers? Ask Muse

Occam's Muse makes it easier for Mac users to find answers in mountains of data.

p.331 Database Publishing with Style

Ventura DataBase Publisher and PageAhead apply desktop publishing polish to database reports.

p.336 Two Tools of the QuickTime Trade

SuperMac's VideoSpigot and Adobe's Premiere help you create digital movies easily.

p.339 RLN Spells Long-Distance Ethernet

RLN extends Ethernet connections across phone lines.

p.342 REVIEWER'S NOTEBOOK

S3's 86C911 GUI accelerator, and a new MicroPhone for the Mac.

HANDS ON

p.347 UNDER THE HOOD How Scanners Work

New techniques make color scanning better and more affordable.

p.351 SOME ASSEMBLY REQUIRED It's a Multithreaded World, Part 2

Multithreaded operating systems are taking over. Are your applications ready?

p.357 SOFTWARE CORNER On-the-Fly Disk Compression

Diet Disk compression utility, automated Apple Menus, and organizing Usenet news.

p.359 BEYOND DOS Windows NT and OS/2 Compared

[author Barry Nance]

Windows NT and OS/2 2.0 have a lot in common.

p.364 ASK BYTE

Relieving eyestrain, the best writers' tools, keyboard latency, and other problems.

OPINIONS

p.101 USER'S COLUMN The Mac Goes to School

[author Jerry Pournelle]

Jerry sends a computer to college.

p.344 BOOK AND CD-ROM REVIEWS The Importance of Being Singular

War and the intelligent machine, and other selections.

p.426 STOP BIT Reflections on the "Privacy" Question

William F. Buckley Jr. asks, Who should have access to your electronic medical records?

p.16 EDITORIAL

Managing Infoglut

p.20 LETTERS

BYTE's "subliminal" cover, multimedia critique, and more.

READER SERVICE

p.422 Editorial Index by Company

p.419 Alphabetical Index to Advertisers

p.420 Index to Advertisers by Product Category

Inquiry Reply Cards: 418A

PROGRAM LISTINGS

From BIX: Join "listings/frombyte92"

From Demolink: See ad on page 423

On disk: See ad on page 230

WINDOWS SPECIAL REPORT

p.155 Windows Windows, Everywhere

p.159 Windows Meets the Pen

p.172 Flying Windows

p.188 A Few of Our Favorite Things

p.206 EIS Moves to the Desktop

p.219 Image Magic

p.232 Ask Dr. Windows

byte_1992_07.jpg byte_1992_07_index.jpg byte_1992_07_index2.jpg

Lire la revue / Get this issue (archive.org)

Vol.17 n°7 july 1992

COVER STORY

p.128 FEATURE The PC Gets More Personal

NEWS

p.25 MICROBYTES

Last year, reports surfaced about a Bill Gates memo that allegedly discussed the "nightmare" of IBM "attacking" Microsoft in systems software and Novell "defeating" the company in networking. Now, Windows NT appears poised to turn the tables.

p.40 FIRST IMPRESSIONS Battle of the Super Spreadsheets

Quattro Pro for Windows takes on Excel 4.0.

p.46 First of the Red-Hot R4000s

SGI Crimson lights the flame for the R4000 processor from Mips.

p.63 Born-Again Compaq?

Compaq fires low at the competition.

p.68 MultiView 24, a fast full-color graphics board for Windows

LanRover/L, a box that unites PowerBooks and AppleTalk networks

IBM LaserPrinter 10A, an IBM printer for your Mac

AcerPac 150, a multimedia powerhouse

p.76 WHAT'S NEW

The SPARCard 2joins DOS and Unix; the I/O Station 464 collects data remoiely; and more.

FEATURES

p.128 The PC Gets More Personal

Apple and traditional notebook PC vendors take divergent paths toward the ultimate personal computer.

p.143 Practical Desktop Video, Part 4: Making the Cut

It ain't over till it's edited.

STATE OF THE ART A NEW WORLD OF DISPLAYS AND IMAGE-PROCESSING SOFTWARE

p.158 Overview: Display Technologies

Soon you'll see an assortment of display technologies, but CRTs won't go away.

p.171 Color and Resolution

There is more to your display than just a bunch of pixels.

p.179 Monochrome to Color

Two new technologies provide ways of obtaining brighter and bolder displays that have better resolution.

p.189 HDTV Is Coming to Desktop

HDTV will help improve computer-monitor technology and digital-image manipulation.

p.195 Displays: The Human Factor

Knowing how our vision works is the basis for developing superior displays.

p.202 Resource Guide: Displays

REVIEWS

p.206 SOLUTIONS FOCUS Code on the Move

The BYTE Lab tests seven portable user-interface libraries and tells how to choose the one that best fits your needs.

p.230 BYTE Lab Product Report: Scanning the Spectrum

The BYTE Lab evaluates 24-bit color scanners for the PC and the Mac.

p.246 Upgrading at the High End

Six modular and upgradable EISA and Micro Channel systems,

p.259 Dueling DX2s: The First 486 Clock Doublers

Intel's new 486DX2 doubles the clock on eight new systems.

p.267 Borland Builds a Better Quattro Pro

With Quattro Pro 4.0, Borland builds an even better DOS spreadsheet.

p.273 Arago Raises the Xbase Ante

With Arago Professional providing a dBase-compatible interpreter and a compiler, Wordtech becomes a dark horse in the Xbase race.

p.281 REVIEWER'S NOTEBOOK

A display adapter for Power Books, a Mac program to adjust fonts, and an MO drive from Sony.

HANDS ON

p.287 UNDER THE HOOD Keyboards Without Keys

Touchscreens aren't just for kiosks anymore.

p.293 SOME ASSEMBLY REQUIRED Macintosh Menus Revealed

Creating the right menus for your Mac applications.

p.301 SOFTWARE CORNER Opening the Lines of Communication

A functional INT 14h replacement, communications for the Mac, and ZMODEM transfers from Unix.

p.303 BEYOND DOS Writing a Device Interface for Windows

[author John Barker]

The smart approach to writing Windows device drivers.

p.308 ASK BYTE

Upgrade questions; Windows; and a Unix clone.

OPINIONS

p.101 USER'S COLUMN Computer Ferment

[author Jerry Pournelle]

Jerry looks at Windows software.

p.284 BOOK AND CD-ROM REVIEWS Bleepers of the Gates

Two industry exposés target Bill Gates, Ed Yourdon on the decline of the American programmer, telephone listings on CD-ROM, and other subjects.

p.370 STOP BIT Information-Age Warriors

As personal computers invade the battlefield, interoperability becomes crucial.

p.16 EDITORIAL

A New Wave of Portables

p.20 LETTERS

Birth of the CPU reexamined, and a response from DARPA's Computer Memory Project.

READER SERVICE

p.368 Editorial Index by Company

p.365 Alphabetical Index to Advertisers

p.366 Index to Advertisers by Product Category

Inquiry Reply Cards: 364A

PROGRAM USTlNGS

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Vol.17 n°8 august 1992

COVER STORY

p.112 FEATURE All Systems Go

NEWS

p.18 MICROBYTES

Apple's strategy, which first started shaping up in late 1990, is paying dividends.

p.32 FIRST IMPRESSIONS A Pair of Paradoxes

A new pair of database managers from Borland.

p.37 Coherent Grows Up

Unix clone Coherent 4.0 is no longer a toy.

p.42 Keeping in Step with Windows

CorelDraw and Adobe Illustrator make the grade under Windows.

p.46 Back-It for Windows,

Gazelle brings backup power to Windows

Premium Exec 386SX/25C, AST's affordable portable color 386SX

Norton Desktop for DOS, Symantec's desktop cornucopia

p.64 WHAT'S NEW

The PM0-650 optical drive runs at 3600 rpm; the VL475 caching controller takes the local bus; wireless LANs run transparently; ForecastGFX guides you to the future; and HyperChem models 3-D molecular structures.

FEATURES

p.112 All Systems Go

Parallel-processing technology has finally hit the mainstream.

p.141 RISC Enters a New Generation

DEC's Alpha architecture defines a new generation for RISC technologies and systems.

STATE OF THE ART REAL-TIME COMPUTING

p.154 Overview: Real-Time Computing

The techniques developed to serve real-time applications - some of the toughest challenges in computing - are extending the horizons of computer technology.

p.161 The RTOS Difference

Discover how the key features and behaviors of real-time operating systems ensure performance in critical applications.

p.177 Real-Time Posix

Portability and openness finally come to real-time applications through Posix.

p.187 Objects in Real Time

Object orientation may be the key enabling computer technology for distributed realtime systems and applications.

p.195 Real Time Goes Home

Real-time operating systems bring multimedia into the home.

p.201 Resource Guide: Real-Time Operating Systems

REVIEWS

p.204 SOLUTIONS FOCUS Surveying Far-Flung Networks

The top six tools for distributed network monitoring and analysis.

224 BYTE Lab Product Report: PostScript's Middle Class

These fast midrange printers offer high resolution.

p.238 No More Data Loss: The BYTE Lab Tests Six Disk-Array Subsystems

Disk arrays can provide a "hotswapping" capability that protects your system from drive failure.

p.247 OS/2 2.0: A Mixed Blessing

The latest version excels at DOS multitasking.

p.249 Was Desqview/X Worth the Wait?

You can run DOS, X, and Windows programs locally or remotely.

p.253 NEC's Notebook Compromises for Color

NEC's active-matrix color notebook is colorful but cumbersome.

p.255 A Fresh Approach to Databases

Approach for Windows is a relational database that doubles as a from end to dBase, Paradox, and Oracle SQL.

p.257 Macintosh Impersonator

Xcelerated Systems' Liken brings Mac applications to Unix workstations.

p.259 Power Tools for Visual Basic

Microsoft's new toolkit extends the Visual Basic programmer's reach.

p.261 Mac LC II: The Sequel

With its new CPU, the Mac LC is better (and cheaper) the second time around.

p.264 REVIEWER'S NOTEBOOK

The BYTE Lab clocks faster speeds for the new version of LANtastic and looks at Query DOS, a new file manipulator.

HANDS ON

p.269 UNDER THE HOOD Digital Signal Processing

The new digital signal processors will change how PCs handle sound and image data.

p.279 SOME ASSEMBLY REQUIRED A Shared Resource Access Manager, Part 1

How do you manage access to shared resources on networks or multiuser systems?

p.288 SOFTWARE CORNER The Right Profile

Timing DOS file access; debugging Unix code; and getting reminders on the Mac.

p.293 BEYOND DOS Exorcising the A20 Poltergeist

[author Mark J. Minasi]

Here's what to do when keystrokes seem to appear on-screen at random in your DOS and Windows applications.

p.295 ASK BYTE

Reclaiming lost disk space; extending computer life; and spelling-checker problems.

OPINIONS

p.95 USER'S COLUMN Multimedia Medley

[author Jerry Pournelle]

Jerry looks at the latest in multimedia products and upgrade kits.

p.266 BOOK AND CD-ROM REVIEWS From AI to Puzzles

Bright Air, Brilliant Fire, TOG on interface, great cities on CD-ROM, and other titles.

p.360 STOP BIT The Productivity Mac Guffin

Networks and portable computers are helping companies finally realize gains from their computing investments.

p.10 EDITORIAL

Ethics of Electronic Information

p.16 LETTERS

Kudos on Mac programming; rebuttal on relational databases; speech synthesis in York; and more.

READER SERVICE

p.356 Editorial Index by Company

p.352 Alphabetical Index to Advertisers

p.354 Index to Advertisers by Product Cmegory

Inquiry Reply Cards: 354A

PROGRAM LISTINGS

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Vol.17 n°9 september 1992

COVER STORY

p.134 FEATURE Is Unix Dead?

NEWS

p.24 MICROBYTES

Kaleida, the Apple/IBM multimedia venture.

p.41 REPORT FROM MOSCOW

[author Rich Friedman]

Programming talent abounds here.

p.44 REPORT FROM TAIWAN

[author Alan Joch]

Vendors want to move from being low-cost providers to technology leaders.

p.46 FIRST IMPRESSIONS AutoCAD Gets a Face-Lift

[author Patrick Waurzyniak]

And AST's Power Premium 4/SOd.

p.63 Acquiring Data Through Windows

[author Andy Reinhardt]

Visual programming for data acquisition.

p.70 Olivetti Quaderno, a 2-pound subnotebook with Italian style

Acorn A4, this notebook shows the power of the ARM processor

Ami Pro 3.0, the feature battle rages

MacinStor, a portable gigabyte drive for the Mac

NetOctopus 1.1, a useful network manager with an odd name

Oxford English Dictionary, a 20-volume reference on CD-ROM

GammaFax MLCP-4/AEB, GammaLink broadcasts fax capability

p.88 WHAT'S NEW

HyperSpace Shuttle handles up to 3 GB of on-line storage; NetRunner integrates voice, fax, and network traffic; and more.

FEATURES

p.134 Is Unix Dead?

[author Tom Yager and Ben Smith]

Unix faces its toughest challenges yet.

Unix: A Child of a Thousand Parents

The history of Unix says much about its future.

p.147 The Greening of Computers

[author Andy Reinhardt, Ed Perratore, Andy Redfern, and Rich Malloy]

The computer industry wakes up to ecological concerns.

p.159 The Outlook for Pen Computing

[author Nicholas Baran]

Before it can deliver, pen-based computing has many rivers to cross.

STATE OF THE ART PHOTONICS

p.168 Overview: Photonics: Revolution or Evolution?

[author Jack Weber]

Optical technologies are changing the way we process information.

Smart Pixels and Free-Space Interconnection

[author H. Scott Hinton]

p.179 Parallel Optical Memories

[author Demetri Psaltis]

A perfonmtnce breakthrough.

p.183 Light Switches

[author Mohammed N. Islam.]

The best way to switch an optical signal is with another optical signal.

SO NET: A Standard for Today

[author Mark A. Clarkson]

p.189 Is What You See What You Get?

[author David Casasent]

Access to optical information processing is now easier.

Interconnecting the Pieces

[author Sing H. Lee]

p.195 Resource Guide: Optical Product Sampler

REVIEWS

p.198 SOLUTIONS FOCUS Profiles in Document Managing

[author Raymond GA Côté and Ben Smith]

The BYTE Lab looks at four PC-based document management systems.

Tools for Lassoing the Paper Cyclone

[author D. Barker]

p.215 BYTE Lab Product Report Workhorse Computers

[author Rick Grehan and Stan Wszola]

The Lab evaluates the new low end of computing: 386SXes.

p.238 Eight Notebooks Keep a Tight Grip on Power

[author Jim Carls]

A thorough review of 386SL and 386SXL portables.

A New Thumper

[author Howard Eglowstein]

p.249 486 Notebooks Double as Desktops

[author Barry Nance]

[author Power to go.]

p.263 A New Illustrator for Windows

[author Cal Vornberger]

A few problems temper the enthusiasm for Adobe's latest release of Illustrator for Windows.

p.267 A Power Boost for PowerPoint

[author Shelley Cryan]

Microsoft breaks new ground.

p.269 IBM's New System Speaks for Itself

[author Tom Yager]

The PS/2 Ultimedia.

p.273 Microsoft's Lucky Number

[author Othar Hansson]

Microsoft joins the C++ minions with its newest compiler.

p.279 Animation Energizes Rio's World-Class Graphics

[author Tom Yager]

Rio Animator brings a slick look to presentation graphics.

p.281 Bringing the Outside into Windows

[author Steve Apiki]

Outside In for Windows brings DOS documents into Windows.

p.283 A/UX 3.0: The Mac's Odd Couple

[author Tom Thompson]

Apple's latest version of Unix.

p.285 Reviewer's Notebook

[author the BYTE Lab]

A Personal Librarian for Windows and a low-cost bundle of applications for the Macintosh.

HANDS ON

p.291 UNDER THE HOOD Inside QuickDraw

[author Konstantin Othmer]

A detailed look inside Apple's imaging engine.

p.297 SOME ASSEMBLY REQUIRED A Shared Resource Access Manager, Part 2

[author Rick Grehan]

Introducing a resource access manager server and C client functions that you can link into your applications.

p.305 SOFTWARE CORNER Software with Curves

Barry Nance, Tom Thompson, and Ben Smith

Bézier curves under Windows, synchronizing PowerBooks, and the language of bit maps.

p.307 BEYOND DOS In Search of an Object-Oriented File System

[author Jon Udell]

The future depends on it.

p.309 ASK BYTE

Choosing a Unix; TWAIN explained; and mom.

OPINIONS

p.113 USER'S COLUMN The Amiga Revisited

[author Jerry Pournelle]

Jerry looks at the Amiga 3000T.

p.286 BOOK AND CD-ROM REVIEWS The Origins of Hypertext

[author Hugh Kenner, John Unger, and Stanford Diehl]

Vannevar Bush and hypertext, street maps on CD-ROM, and Unix primers.

p.378 STOP BIT The Artichoke Theory

[author Nolan Bushnell]

What applications can learn from PC games.

p.16 EDITORIAL

[author Dennis Allen]

The Globalization of BYTE

p.20 LETTERS

Color PostScript printers; SGML image editors; and other topics.

READER SERVICE

p.374 Editorial Index by Company

p.370 Alphatetical Index to Advertisers

p.372 Index to Advertisers by Category

Inquiry Reply Cards: 372A

p.313 BUYER'S GUIDE

Mail Order

Hardware/Software Showcase

Buyer's Mart

PROGRAM LISTINGS

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Vol.17 n°10 october 1992

COVER STORY

p.122 FEATURE Fast Transit

NEWS

p.26 MICROBYTES

The first version of the P5 will run about twice as fast as a 66-MHz 486 DX2.

p.47 REPORT FROM TOKYO In the Land of the Double Byte

[author T.R. Reid]

Japan's software developers work wonders.

p.52 FIRST IMPRESSIONS Apple's Performas: Macs for the Home

[author Tom Thompson and Tom R. Halfhill]

Apple tackles the home market.

p.58 ProTracer, this printer/plotter incorporates exquisite detail

FileMaker Pro 2.0, Claris offers Mac and Windows users a dynamite database

Amstrad Notepad NCI00, surely the last Z80-based computer

ScanMan Color, color your view of hand scanners

Dashboard for Windows, a new way to drive Windows

p.68 WHAT'S NEW

Trakker backs up from the enhanced parallel port; PC/Television puts TV on your PC; and more.

FEATURES

p.122 Fast Transit

[author Trevor Marshall]

New buses dramatically increase speed and will be showing up in systems soon.

p.137 Silicon Brains

[author T. J. Sejnowski and P. S. Churchland]

Innovative computer devices are coming from studies of the human brain.

p.149 Plugging Into the Internet

[author Daniel P. Dern]

If you've ever wondered how you can access the Internet, here's how.

Locating Internet Access in Europe

[author Merik Voswinkel]

STATE OF THE ART OPERATING-SYSTEM TRENDS

p.158 Overview: Operating-System Trends

[author John Donovan]

Desktop operating systems deliver mainframe/minicomputer features.

p.167 Windows NT Up Close

[author Jon Udell]

Microsoft's next-generation operating system could live up to its hype.

p.179 OS/2 at the Crossroads

[author Mark Minasi]

Overcoming market resistance.

p.182 The Future of System 7.0

[author Tom Thompson]

Apple's plans for a smooth transition to RISC.

p.186 GUIs, Applications, and Unix

[author Mary Hubley]

Vendor unity and Unix.

p.190 NextStep: The Sleeper

[author Tom Yager]

NextStep quietly tills the need.

p.192 Univel's Trim Unix

[author Man Trask]

A thinner, more attractive Unix.

p.195 Resource Guide

p.198 SOLUTIONS FOCUS The New Wave of Removable Storage

[author Raymond GA Côté and Stanley Wszola]

From MOs to docking bays, the BYTE Lab selects the best removable-storage solutions.

p.212 Fast 486 File Servers

[author Stephen Platt, Tadesse Giorgis, Leslie Reisz. and Steve Apiki]

Tests of 12 486 file servers.

p.223 CorelDraw 3.0: A Swiss Army Knife for Illustrators

[author G. Armour Van Horn]

More than just an illustration package.

p.227 Compaq's Newest Notebooks

[author Howard Eglowstein]

The colorful LTE Lite/25c and inexpensive Contura make welcome additions to Compaq's notebook line.

p.233 Color Ink-Jet Printers Take Whacks at Wax

[author Howard Eglowstein]

Hewlett-Packard and Canon release colorful new products.

p.235 DGX Takes the Direct Approach to Graphics Performance

[author Jake Richter]

Dell's direct graphics accelerator speeds Windows and CAD.

p.241 Racing at 33 MHz: Quadra 950 and Radius Rocket 33

[author Tom Thompson]

Apple's most powerful Macintosh and Radius's latest accelerator board provide ample computing power.

p.247 FrameMaker: Power Publishing for Windows

[author Tom Yager]

FrameMaker brings its workstation-bred document publishing power to Windows.

p.251 Cyrix Cx486SLCs Hit the Desktop

[author Roger C. Alford]

The Tandon Option 386SLC/50 and Zeos 486SLC-25 are the first desktops to incorporate Cyrix's new processor.

p.254 Reviewer's Notebook

[author the BYTE Lab]

The BYTE Lab finds a solution for testing removable storage devices; CorelSCSI and an Adaptec controller.

HANDS ON

p.259 UNDER THE HOOD Disk Arrays Explained

[author Roger C. Alford]

Inside RAID drive array specifications 0 through 5 and beyond.

p.267 SOME ASSEMBLY REQUIRED Mac OOP Explained

[author James H. Parshall]

Build a tool palette as you learn object-oriented programming techniques.

p.275 SOFTWARE CORNER Creating Bit-Mapped Buttons

[author James Stading, Toni Thompson, and Ben Smith]

A Windows file manager, Telnet for Macs, and dired sans emacs.

p.277 BEYOND DOS OS/2 2.0 Programming Tools Arrive-Finally

[author Steve Mastrianni]

OS/2 programmers now have a wide choice of development tools.

p.282 ASK BYTE

Internet access: modem failures; file-compression utilities; and more.

OPINIONS

p.101 USER'S COLUMN On the Road Again

[author Jerry Pournelle]

Laptops, Flashdrives, and power supplies at Chaos Manor.

p.256 BOOK AND CD-ROM REVIEWS Is Artificial Life Possible?

[author Hugh Kenner, Tom Yager, Raymond GA Côté, and Stanford Diehl]

Steven Levy's Artificial Life, Visual Basic for beginners and pros, and Corporate Snapshots on CD-ROM.

p.348 STOP BIT Trivial Pursuits

[author Daniel Seligman]

Computing diversions offer their own rewards.

p.10 EDITORIAL Open Markets, Better Computers

[author Dennis Allen]

p.20 LETTERS

Infoglut kudos; responses to William F. Buckley Jr.; Usenet news groups; WEB's compression; and other topics.

READER SERVICE

p.344 Editorial Index by Company

p.340 Alphabetical Index to Advertisers

p.342 Index to Advenisers by Product Category

Inquiry Reply Cards: 342A

p.285 BUYER'S GUIDE

Mail Order

Hardware/Software Showcase

Buyer's Mart

PROGRAM LISTINGS

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Vol.17 n°11 Fall 1992 Special issue : Byte's Essential Guide to Windows

p.6 EDITORIAL: BYTE Focuses on Windows

p.12 WINDOWS News & Notes

FEATURES

p.27 Using Windows NT

[author JON UDELL]

How will NT affect you and your environment?

p.33 Windows Speaks

[author TOM YAGER]

A quick guide to using Windows Multimedia Extensions.

p.45 How OLE Works

[author BARRY NANCE]

Some sobering experiences with 0LE.

p.55 The OS/2 Alternative

[author MARK MINASI]

There is some kind of 32-bit OS in your future.

p.63 The Pick of Windows

[author HUGH KENNER]

Windows books for every skill level.

WINDOWS BUYER'S GUIDE

p.128 BYTE's Guide to 128 Top Windows Products

[author (COMPILED BY) JAN FIDERIO]

REVIEWS

p.70 Spreadsheets Under Scrutiny

[author NICHOLAS DELONAS]

p.84 24-bit Display Adapter Roundup

[author GREG LOVERIA]

p.97 Image Doctors

[author D. BARKER]

p.104 Looking Good for Less

[author MARK SCAPICCHIO]

p.113 Four Windows Desktops

[author DICK POUNTAIN]

p.119 Tracking the Elusive Project

[author DANIEL YAHDAV]

(Indexes and more)

p.172 Editorial Index by Company

p.169 Alphabetical Index to Advertisers

p.170 Index to Advertisers by Product Category

Inquiry Reply Cards: 96A, 172A

p.153 BUYER'S GUIDE

Mail Order

Hardware/Software Showcase

Buyers Mart

byte 1992_11 byte 1992_11 byte 1992_11

Vol.17 n°12 november 1992

COVER STORY

p.128 FEATURE Penny-Pinching PCs: How They Did It

NEWS

p.28 MICROBYTES

With Microsoft's Windows NT nearing availability, IBM is working hard to improve OS/2 2.0.

p.45 REPORT FROM SÃO PAULO

[author Stephen Banker]

Over 450,000 people jam Brazil's Fenasoft software show

p.50 FIRST IMPRESSIONS New Systems...New IBM?

[author Ed Perratore]

Big Blue comes out swinging.

p.52 Windows for Workgroups

[author Jon Udell]

Peer-to-peer networking and more with Windows for Workgroups.

p.58 Lantastic for Macintosh,

Artisoft's PC-to-Mac connectivity solution offers power, simplicity. and low cost

Windows Sound System, Microsoft enters the sound board market

Infolio, have pen computer, will travel

DOC.IT, a printer, fax, copier, and scanner all in one

Quicken 2.0 for Windows, new features make this popular finance program even better

Optiquest 4000D and HiColor Turbo F/X, a winning color combination

Ways for Windows, translation the easy way

p.76 WHAT'S NEW

The Freestyle/SL Notebook's screen swivels; IDL for Windows lets you do high-power scientific computing; and more.

FEATURES

p.128 Penny-Pinching PCs: How They Did It

[author Andrew Reinhardt]

Low-priced PCs bring benefits-and risks-to buyers.

Less Expensive, or Cheap?

[author Steve Apiki and Tom Thompson]

p.139 Smile for the Computer

[author Philip Chien]

Your computer might be your camera's best accessory.

p.145 The Information Theater

[author Mark A. Clarkson]

Xerox PARC presents a new way to view your data.

STATE OF THE ART SIGNAL COMPUTING

p.154 Overview: Signal Computing

[author Eric C. Anderson, Stephen Shepard, and Phil Sohn]

Watch for hazards when moving information from the analog to the digital realms.

Digitally Speaking

[author Georges Zanellato and Ban Verhaeghe]

p.167 Signals on the Desktop

[author John Bryan]

You don't have to wait for DSP technology; it's here today.

p.177 Inside Signal Computing

[author Peter Wayner]

The architecture of DSP chips mirrors the functions they perform

p.185 A Platform for Signal Computing

[author Tim Counihan]

The signal-computing environment tries to set a signal-computing standard

p.190 Resource Guide: DSP-Based Products

REVIEWS

p.192 SOLUTIONS FOCUS Stalking the Ultimate Workstation

[author Ben Smith and Raymond GA Côté]

Eight powerhouses reviewed.

p.209 BYTE Lab Product Report: 486 Systems for a Graphical World

[author Howard Eglowstein and Stan Wszola]

The best 33-MHz 486 systems for today's demanding applications.

p.238 Cut to Video: Four Programs for Moving Presentations

[author Tom Yager]

The BYTE Lab looks at four video-presentation programs.

p.249 Compaq Unveils a New Network Printer

[author Greg Loveria]

Compaq enters the printer market with the powerful Pagemarq line

p.253 Borland Targets Windom. Developers with Latest C++ Release

[author Othar Hansson]

Borland C++ 3.1 contains some features we've been waiting for

p.256 Sophisticated Graphing Under Windows

[author D. Barker]

DeltaGraph Professional brings good chart-making tools to Windows.

p.261 Style Meets Substance in Matrox Studio

[author Tom Yager]

Studio turns your PC into a video powerhouse.

p.265 LANlord Evicts LAN Problems

[author Barry Nance]

Microcom's high-level LAN manager uses OS/2 to manage DOS and Windows workstations.

p.269 Network Modems Dial in, Dial out, and Route Packets

[author Steve Apiki, Tom Thompson, and Jon Udell]

Microtest's Lanmodem versus Shiva's NetModem/E.

p.276 Reviewer's Notebook: The BYTE Lab, Behind the Scenes

[author Alan Joch]

An invitation to look over the shoulders of our testing editors.

HANDS ON

p.281 SOME ASSEMBLY REQUIRED Approximate Pattern Matching

[author Udi Manber and Sun Wu]

Agrep's algorithms let you perform text searches using an approximate pattern.

p.293 UNDER THE HOOD A Call to ARM

[author Dick Pountain]

The 32-bit ARM6I0 is a high-performance, power-saving RISC CPU in a tiny package.

p.299 SOFTWARE CORNER BASH, the Bourne Again Shell

[author Ben Smith, Tom Thompson, and Steve Apiki]

A free Korn-shell replacement, a JPEG viewer for Macs. and a Windows file utility.

p.301 BEYOND DOS An Objective Way to Compute

[author Bruce D. Schatzman]

The object-based model in Windows NT forms the foundation for Microsoft's future operating systems.

p.303 ASK BYTE

Winnowing down Windows: BYTE listings on UUNET: getting from CP/M to MS-DOS: and more.

OPINIONS

p.109 USER'S COLUMN Pondering OS/2

[author Jerry Pournelle]

OS/2 invades Chaos Manor.

p.278 BOOK AND CD-ROM REVIEWS Amok in Cyberspace

[author Hugh Kenner, Raymond GA Côté, Tom Thompson, and Stanford Diehl]

A look at The Hacker Crackdown, Macintosh Programming Secrets, Support on Site, and other selections.

p.372 STOP BIT Artificial Life and Natural Markets

[author Esther Dyson]

Parallels between artificial life experiments and competitise markets demonstrate the advantages of a free-market system.

p.12 EDITORIAL PCs Will Become More Personal

[author Dennis Allen]

p.22 LETTERS

How to get Unix for free; OS/2 2.0 defended; clarifying the A20 problem; and other issues.

READER SERVICE

p.370 Editonal Index by Company

p.366 Alphabetical Index to Advertisers

p.368 Index to Advertisers by Product Category

Inquiry Reply Cards: 144A, 368A

p.307 BUYER'S GUIDE

Mail Order

Hardware/Software Showcase

Buyers Mart

PROGRAM LISTINGS

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Vol.17 n°13 Fall 1992 Special issue : Byte's Essential Guide to Portable Computing

PORTABLE NEWS

p.8 First Impressions PowerExec

[author GENE SMARTE]

AST Research's new notebook features two PCMCIA 2.0 slots.

TEXT BOX WorldPort Palmtop Fax/Data Modem

[author TREVOR MARSHALL]

USRobotics designs modems for hand-helds.

What's New

PCMCIA LAN adapter from Xircom; new pointing devices; and more.

PORTABLE COMPUTING BUYER'S GUIDE

p.15 BYTE's Essential Guide to Notebook PCs

[author MICHAEL NADEAU AND JOHN WOLFSKILL]

The BYTE Lab compares 65 notebooks.

TEXT BOXES

CPU Choices

[author ROGER C. ALFORD]

The Mac on the Road

[author TOM THOMPSON]

Zeos Pocket PC One-Ups Poget PC

[author MICHAEL NADEAU]

REVIEWS

p.41 Tag-Along Hard Copy

[author STAN MIASTKOWSKI]

Seven portable printers offer near-laser-quality output in surprisingly small packages.

p.49 Fax Modems to Go

[author WAYNE RASH JR.]

These 10 portable packages deliver varying degrees of performance when you're traveling.

TEXT BOX Portable Fax Software Rated for DOS and Windows

[author TREVOR MARSHALL]

p.61 Making Connections

[author WAYNE RASH JR.]

Seven portable Ethernet adapters reviewed.

p.88 Editorial Index by Company

p.86 Alphabetical Index to Advertisers

p.87 Index to Advertisers by Product Category

Inquiry Reply Cards: 40A, 88A

p.67 BUYER'S GUIDE

Mail Order

Hardware/Software Showcase

Buyer's Mart

byte 1992_12 byte 1992_12 byte 1992_12

Vol.17 n°14 december 1992

COVER STORY

p.114 FEATURE Make the Right CPU Move

NEWS

p.30 MICROBYTES

SPARC-compatible workstations, priced similarly to high-end PCs, are expected by early 1993.

p.41 REPORT FROM ISRAEL Coming In from the Cold

[author Andy Redfern]

As Mideast tensions wane, Israel can sell its wares more openly.

p.44 FIRST IMPRESSIONS New Macs for the Desktop and Road

[author Tom Thompson]

Apple is updating computers and introducing new ones as rapidly as possible.

p.51 Microsoft's Windows Database

[author Jon Udell]

Microsoft Access, the happy union of SQL and Visual Basic.

p.52 Apricot XEN-LS II, is value-added worth it?

Video for Windows, coming soon to a PC near you

Convertible, pen computing without compromises

R4000 upgrade, a leap in power for SGI's Iris Indigo

Gateway 2000 4DX2-66V and Hyundai 466D2, low-cost DX2 local-bus systems

HP Vectra 486/33N, a low-cost system from an upscale vendor

p.72 WHAT'S NEW

Watch TV on the 486SX/25 Multimedia Computer System: centrally manage electrical power to local or remote LAN components with LanSafe II and more.

FEATURES

p.114 Make the Right CPU Move

[author Andy Redfern]

New CPUs confuse PC buying decisions.

LAB TESTS: DOES BRAND MATIER?

[author Raymond GA Côté]

OTHER PLAYERS FIND NICHES

[author Andy Redfern, Dave Andrews, Andy Reinhardt, and Tont Halfhill]

p.129 TrueType A to Z

[author Greg Loveria]

Why TrueType is a key part of Windows 3.1.

p.137 Lower the Voltage, Raise the Power

[author Jeffrey a Shepard]

STATE OF THE ART OBJECTS FOR END USERS

p.142 Overview: Objects for End Users

[author Cary Lu]

Document-oriented computing is the logical culmination of the object-oriented revolution.

WHAT'S IN AN OBJECT?

[author Mark Clarkson]

p.153 Brave New Desktop

[author Peter Wayner]

Object technologies will let you shape your computing environment.

OBJECTS AND PENPOINT

[author Mark Clarkson]

OBJECT-ORIENTED CASE

[author Daniel W. Rasmus]

p.161 Relating to Objects

[author Daniel W. Rasmus]

Object technology finds a place in database management.

p.167 Objects of Substance

[author Sergiu S. Simnel and Ivan Godard]

Object storage is a natural for persistent-data servers.

p.172 Resource Guide: Object-Oriented Database Managers

REVIEWS

p.174 SOLUTIONS FOCUS Grab Your Audience with Audio

[author Tom Yager and Rick Grehan]

With current sound boards, sequencers, and editors, you don't have to be a recording engineer to add audio to your presentations.

p.196 Windows BASICS

[author Mike Wiggins]

Three Windows BASIC programs square off.

p.205 Clocking the Fastest PCs on the Planet

[author Steve Apiki]

Performance comparison of 66-MHz DX2 systems from Compaq, Dell, ALR, and NEC.

p.209 A New LaserJet, a New Standard

[author Shelley Cryan]

Hewlett-Packard's LaserJet 4M should shake up the printer market.

p.213 TypeReader Takes OCR Toward Better Recognition

[author D. Barker]

ExperVision's TypeReader OCR software is a step toward better recognition.

p.217 The Phaser II SD Prints Dazzling Dyes

[author Tom Thompson]

Tektronix's new dye-sublimation printer costs under $10,000.

p.224 Stepping Up to XVT 3.0

[author Raymond GA Côté]

The latest XVT marks interface library improvements and new development tools.

p.225 The Windows File Shuffle

[author Stanford Diehl and Dana Hudes]

File conversion under Windows solves the complex problem of divergent graphics formats.

p.232 Reviewer's Notebook: A Real-World Notebook Battery Test

[author Howard Eglowstein]

Notebook battery-life testing.

HANDS ON

p.237 UNDER THE HOOD The PCMCIA Redefines Portability

[author Roger C. Alford]

The PCMCIA 2.0 PC card standard opens a new world for subnotebook and hand-held computers.

p.247 SOME ASSEMBLY REQUIRED Writing a Windows DLL

[author Randall A. Nagy]

Here's a simple DLL-based debugging aid for Windows.

p.256 SOFTWARE CORNER Audit Your LAN

[author Barry Nance, Torn Thompson. and Ben Smith]

Easy LAN inventory, a crash disk for System 7.0. and face-saving Unix utilities.

p.257 BEYOND DOS Object-Oriented DLLs

[author Gen Kiyooka]

Build reusable objects with Windows DLLs.

p.260 ASK BYTE

The BYTE Lab responds on clock inconsistencies, loopback plug pin-outs, and other issues.

OPINIONS

p.97 USER'S COLUMN A Computer in the Hand

[author Jerry Pournelle]

Palmtops, PCMCIA, virus newsletters, and the BBS scene.

p.234 BOOK AND CD-ROM REVIEWS Photographic Lies

[author Hugh Kenner, Tom Yager, Tom Thompson, Jon Udell, and Stanford Diehl]

The search for visual truth, design tips, TCP/IP explainer, the times of physicist Richard Feynman, and more.

p.324 STOP BIT Technology and the New World Order

[author James Burke]

Advancing technology is creating a new, more complex social order.

p.12 EDITORIAL Testing and CPUs

[author Dennis Allen]

p.22 LETTERS

Unix lives!

READER SERVICE

p.322 Editonal index by Company

p.318 Alphabetical Index to Advertisers

p.320 Indet to Advertisers by Product Category

Inquiry Reply Cards: 208A, 320A

p.265 BUYER'S GUIDE

Mail Order

Hardware/Software Showcase

Buyer's Mart

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